The Middle East, its division into countries and the creation of Israel, 1879-1919

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The papers of Sir Mark Sykes, 1879-1919 : the Sykes-Picot Agreement & the Middle East

The papers of Sir Mark Sykes, 1879-1919 : the Sykes-Picot Agreement & the Middle East

After your departure from Paris I had a letter from Bertie, who is very pessimistic as to the chance of the French renouncing Palestine...it is somewhat disquieting to see how entirely the Zionist plans and ideas are based on a British Palestine.
Letter from R. Graham, Foreign OfficeLetters, April 1917; img 7

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Re-drawing the Middle East, the creation of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq.

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One of the authors of the Sykes-Picot agreement in 1916; Sykes' work would be the basis for carving up the Ottoman Empire after its collapse. This former Empire would be divided between Britain and France. These papers focus on Sykes' experience in military intelligence and diplomacy in the Middle East, both before and during the First World War. These records also include items on the Armenian genocide. The Zionist movement was active during this time and records of its influence upon him are included in these papers.

Contents

The Middle East, its division into countries and the creation of Israel, 1879-1919...

Containing 4,860 pages belonging to 101 documents housed in 4 volumes...

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Volumes

Foreign affairs and travel, 1888-1919

Integral to this part of the collection are a large number of printed and sketched maps of western Asia (e.g....

Papers regarding the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the Zionist movement, and British policy in Islamic countries, 1914-1918

Two versions of an undated but contemporary list of the first 112 items in this series can be found in...

Papers of Sir Mark Sykes formerly on display at Sledmere House, 1915-1917

A miscellany of key documents shedding light on the historical context of, and thinking behind, the Sykes-Picot Agreement, comprising letters,...

Miscellaneous other papers

Papers relating to the Middle East selected from the following other series: DDSY2/2 Diaries; DDSY2/3 Finance; DDSY2/5 Military affairs; DDSY2/6...

Insights

  • The Maps of Arabia and of Turkey in Asia include notes on how the Middle East can be changed. Other records in Sykes' papers on 'Foreign affairs and travel' include notes from his tour of the Middle East.
  • Arab and Zionist affairs are discussed in a series of telegrams within the 'Papers regarding the Sykes-Picot Agreement'. Picot was a representative of France and he debated some of Sykes' British views on Palestine.
  • The Armenian Massacre became part of Sykes' 'Foreign Affairs' remit between 1918 and 1919. His research included correspondence with some refugees from Armenia.
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