Taking India, how the military established Company rule, 1752-1774

The Indian papers of Colonel Clive and Brigadier-General Carnac, 1752-1774

The Indian papers of Colonel Clive and Brigadier-General Carnac, 1752-1774

This collection is of the greatest importance to those who wish fully to explore the often controversial events that preceded, accompanied, and followed the establishment of Britain's Indian empire during the mid-eighteenth century
Huw BoweSwansea University

Access the full collection

Get full access to all 24,508 pages that make up the Taking India, how the military established Company rule, 1752-1774 collection.


Sign up for a FREE trial 

Single User License

Purchase a license below to view the full collection.

1 week license £201 month license £40

Already have a license? Sign in to view the collection

Learn how India was defeated and claimed by the Empire under company rule

These key East India Company employees worked in mid-18th century Bengal. The papers of Col. Robert Clive and Brig.-Gen. John Carnac cover the transfer of power from the Mughal Empire to the British Empire. Most of these papers focus on Col. Clive, with his items covering his victory over the Nawab of Bengal in 1757 at Plassey. Other events include the 'Black Hole of Calcutta' incident and the thorough defeat of the Dutch in 1759. You can also discover what happened to Clive's chief administrator of revenues, Maharaja Nandakumara. Brig.-Gen. John Carnac led the British forces in India during from 1760 to 1761. Carnac fought and defeated the French-supported forces of the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II, near Bihar. In 1764 he returned to the British command, defeating the Marathas in 1765. These papers enable the reader to contrast how these commanders practised the EIC's approach to running India, combining commercial with growing political power.


Taking India, how the military established Company rule, 1752-1774...

Containing 24,508 pages belonging to 35 documents housed in 18 volumes...

View the Volumes & Documents 


Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Sub-series CR: These items consist, for the most part, of several different series of letter books containing, Clive's mainly outgoing...

Contemporary transcripts [of correspondence, 1756-1760]

Sub-series CC: Contemporary transcripts of Clive's correspondence during his second period in India (the originals of which do not appear...

India financial papers, 1752-1774

Sub-series CF: Accounts of Clive's personal and official finances both in India and England, buy mainly in the former. The...

Civil administration of Bengal papers, 1758-1766

Sub-series CA: Official papers which, although not extensive, reflect Clive's involvement in the civil administration of Bengal. They include papers...


  • The East India Company records include a contract by which over 200 Indian horsemen were hired to fight for the East India Company.
  • The original country letter books by Colonel Clive reveal Clive's first impressions as he arrived in Calcutta and prepared to sign the Treaty of Allahabad.
  • Contemporary transcripts of private letters from 1763 describe the Battle of Plassey from the Third Carnatic War. That war saw the East India Company fight Indian forces for control of India.
Back to Top