India, uprising and reform 1879 to 1910: in the records of the Governor-General

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The Indian papers of the 4th Earl of Minto

The Indian papers of the 4th Earl of Minto

This is a period of India's history which illustrates late colonial Indian high politics to dramatic effect, providing researchers with extraordinary insights into the delicate strategies of anti-colonial 'agitators', and colonial governors
William GoulUniversity of Leeds

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India under British rule, Curzon to Minto and the rise of nationalism, 1879-1910

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The papers of Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, the 4th Earl of Minto, (1845-1914), Viceroy of India between 1905 and 1910, cover a period of dramatic and momentous change in the history of colonial India. The beginning of Minto's tenure in India was marked by unprecedented anti-colonial protests against the partition of Bengal, initiated by his predecessor, Lord Curzon of Kedleston. It ended with the crucial 'Morley-Minto reforms' contained in the Government of India Act and the Indian Councils Act, both of 1909. These two new laws established, among other things, the constitutional principle of separate electorates for India's Muslim communities. This rich, varied and complex collection of documents forms part of a larger archive now held at the National Library of Scotland, and which covers almost the entire Elliot family of Minto. The 4th Earl's great-grandfather was the first family member to build an official connection with the Indian subcontinent, assuming the office of Governor General in 1807. Almost a century later, the 4th Earl was confronted with the sensitive political situation surrounding the partition of Bengal and the rise of radical nationalism in that same province, as well as inMaharashtra and Punjab. Accompanied with this collection is an online guide to the microfilm version by Dr William Gould, University of Leeds.

Contents

India, uprising and reform 1879 to 1910: in the records of the Governor-General...

Containing 43,764 pages belonging to 44 documents housed in 5 volumes...

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Volumes

Selection from the non-Indian papers

A diverse collection of personal correspondence and diaries predominantly concerned with the period prior to the Earl becoming Viceroy of...

Printed papers from Lord Curzon's administration, 1899-1905

The following documents form a collective body of official printed material covering all aspects of British governance in India under...

Printed papers from the 4th Earl of Minto's administration

A vast collection of official printed material concerning the Home, Foreign, Finance, Commerce & Industry, Railways, Legislative, Army, Revenue &...

Correspondence, 1905-1914

The following series of documents comprise of both original and printed copies of letters, telegrams and correspondence both received and...

Insights

  • These items cover the administrations of two Viceroys of India, first Lord Curzon, then the 4th Earl of Minto. The Minto records are the most detailed as they include both printed papers and correspondence.
  • The Curzon papers include a report upon relations with the North-West Frontier tribes between 1897 and 1898. These relations often involved combat and victories.
  • The correspondence by Lord Morley to the 4th Earl of Minto extends from 1907 to 1913. Issues covered include opposition to the Anglo-Russian Entente of 1907 and the question of who should be the next Viceroy.
  • The papers that cover the 'Military Department, including Kitchener's administration of the Army in India' provide a history of the British Army in India and its reorganisation under Lord Curzon's time as Governor.
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