Canada, between the US and Empire, 1883-1904: in the papers of the Governor-General

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The Canadian papers of the 4th Earl of Minto

The Canadian papers of the 4th Earl of Minto

The growth of Canadian self-government and the development of a Canadian national identity, relations with the United States and the position of the francophone minority. All of these are to be found in the Minto papers
Tony McCullocCanterbury Christ Church University

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See how Canada's military was developed and drawn into the Boer War

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The 4th Earl of Minto was the Canadian Military Secretary from 1883 to 1885 and Governor General from 1898 to 1904. Major events during his time in Canada include the Riel Rebellion of 1885 and the Boer War. He also oversaw the Alaskan Boundary dispute during Theodore Roosevelt’s Presidency. The records from his time as Military Secretary include letters, notes and telegrams. Items from his time as Governor General of Canada include letters from Joseph Chamberlain. They also include speeches, press cuttings, and others’ accounts of visits to the Klondyke as well as the Yukon.

Contents

Canada, between the US and Empire, 1883-1904: in the papers of the Governor-General...

Containing 14,618 pages belonging to 33 documents housed in 2 volumes...

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Volumes

Military Secretary, 1883-1885

Papers relating to the 4th Earl's service as Military Secretary to the 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Governor-General of Canada, 1883...

Governor-General, 1899-1904

Papers relating to the 4th Earl's tenure of office as Governor-General of Canada, 1898-1904. These represent his official papers: private...

Insights

  • Papers from the Earl's time as Military Secretary include an account of the trial of Louis Riel for leading the Métis people in the North-West Rebellion.
  • The Alaska boundary dispute took place during the Earl's time as Governor General of Canada. This dispute is discussed in the Earl's letters to Joseph Chamberlain, the then Secretary of State for the Colonies.
  • Queen Victoria was another of the Earl's correspondents, though her replies were written on her behalf. Other royal contacts include Edward VII, George V, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, and Princess Helena.
  • The First Nations were visited and information about them was recorded in the early 1900's. Statistics on the First Nations' populations and an attempt to record the Blackfoot language also feature.
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