Canada in records from colonial missionaries, 1722-1952

Canadian records in the USPG archive, 1722-1952

Canadian records in the USPG archive, 1722-1952

The records are a treasure trove of local history, particularly social history, including primary and Sunday school education, the American Loyalists, [Maroons], Indians, immigration and emigration
Wallace BrowUniversity of New Brunswick

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The Canadian letters of these missionaries describe the country as they saw it

The United Society Partners in Gospel (USPG) is a UK-based Anglican missionary organisation that operates around the world. During the 18th, 19th, and early-20th centuries, the USPG went by the name of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG). This collection includes letters and supplementary material compiled by its Canadian branch during the period 1722-1952. The documents detail the day-to-day activities of SPG missionaries, including their work in churches, schools, and indigenous communities. The collection provides students and scholars with a unique overview of British colonial and Canadian history.


Canada in records from colonial missionaries, 1722-1952...

Containing 57,004 pages belonging to 33 documents housed in 10 volumes...

View the Volumes & Documents 


USPG C series records relating to Newfoundland to c.1860

This grouping of correspondence covers the years from 1787 until 1880, its focus is mostly upon the various reverends who...

USPG C series records relating to New Brunswick to c.1860

These items cover the years 1783 to 1857, with the highest volume of correspondence written from St John, Fredericton, St...

USPG C series records relating to Fredericton to c.1860

Covering the years 1844 to 1860, these papers include both manuscript correspondence and printed content. Focal points include finances, schooling,...

USPG C series records relating to Quebec to c.1860

These papers cover the years from 1793 until 1860, the majority of the correspondence is focused upon the construction of...


  • A map of the principle settlements in Upper Canada provides some clues as to how Canada was first settled. The C Series Records for Upper Canada also seem to include plans to build a Cornwall Canal.
  • The narratives in the C Series correspondence for Nova Scotia reveal how uncertain the colonists were about whether to settle in Nova Scotia or not.
  • The E Series reports describe missionary life in Canada during World War One. They also include statistics, and photographs taken during peacetime.
  • The C Series records from Newfoundland include an article and some papers upon the minister and friend of Edward Jenner, who introduced the Smallpox vaccine to Canada.
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