The development of the natural resources of Uganda,with a view to financial self-sufficiency, was one of the primary concerns of the Protectorate Government in its early years, and it is hardly surprising that one of the first departments to be established was a Botanical, Forestry and Scientific Department, which was to be the parent of the Agricultural, Forestry and Veterinary Departments. During the first decade of the century the Department experimented with crop after crop and project after project; the advice of experts from outside was sought; and reliance was placed successively, or simultaneously, upon, inter alia, tobacco, rubber, beeswax, wheat and rice. Many of the schemes proved abortive, but in their choice of cotton and coffee the Government were pre-eminently successful. By 1907/8 the value of the export of cotton amounted to £147,028 and, realising the importance of this crop, the Government appointed a Cotton Inspector and a Department of Agriculture was set up. Reports relating to various types of Land Survey are also included within this grouping.